What is morbid obesity?

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on your health, leading to increased health problems and/or reduced life expectancy. Body mass index (BMI), a measurement which compares your weight and height, defines people as obese when the BMI score is greater than 30.

30.0-34.9

Class I obesity

35.0-39.9

Class II obesity

>/= 40.0

Class III obesity

 

Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases known as co-morbidities, particularly heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, sleep apnea, certain types of cancers, and premature arthritis and joint pain causing limited mobility and activity leading to osteoarthritis.

Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive dietary calories (calorie rich food and portions) and a lack of physical activity. This unhealthy combination compounds over a period of time, especially if we do not pay attention to what we are consuming and lack a routine of regular exercise.  For each pound a person has gained, they have taken in and kept an excess of 3,500 calories. In addition to excessive caloric intake and little or no exercise, certain medications and genetics may also contribute to obesity.

Weight loss surgery becomes an important option to consider when your BMI score is >/=30 and you currently have health issues that are impacted by your extra weight such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, high cholesterol or triglycerides and orthopedic issues. If your family health history is positive for these diseases, your need to consider weight loss surgery may also increase. As your BMI score increases so does the significance of the impact these co-morbidities play on your overall health.